What is meritocracy?

Posted by Gabriela Hipólito
at Monday August 14th, 2017.

Rise of Meritocracy in the world

For Plato, democratic society committed a big mistake by submitting to the choice of their rulers to the whim of the people. In his view, the government’s ship should always be conducted by an expert, by a skilled helmsman, and not by one randomly selected among the crew.

However, that existed throughout the history of political regimes were not the philosopher criteria. Meritocracy only came up with the effects of the American revolutions of 1776 and the French in 1789. Heavily packed by Rousseauvian ideals of social equality, the Liberal Revolutions, to remove the nobility of power, installed meritocracy.

Mereo's Software helps companies to manage the meritocratic process

Mereo’s Software helps companies to manage the meritocratic process

Meritocracy in Brazil

The Meritocracy was introduced in Brazil by the State, the emergence of public procurement to fill vacancies in the public spheres. The aim was to combat the heredity of positions and nepotism, giving precedence attributes and skills that were not related to the influences of power or exchange of favors and blood relations. With the emergence of this new management sistem, it was thought that companies could focus more on the merits of a person than their family and political origins.

Where meritocracy is more used

Initially, meritocracy was used in public administration, but due to the increase of vacancies in private organizations, meritocracy ended up being a way for these companies to adopt valuation criteria of their employees. With this in mind, companies had abandoned the outdated bureaucratic system.

Meritocracy is opposed to other types of value systems, for example, plutocracy (possession of wealth), aristocracy (hereditary nobility), nepotism (family origin), oligarchy (owned land) and democracy (popularity).

Forms and meritocratic models

There are several shapes and designs merit. We will mention some types:

  • Absolute Meritocracy: In this approach, the meritocratic competition replaces democratic elections completely. The participants cast their nominations to parliament, and given a number of local leaders out of opponents, therefore, will be done automatically parliament. First, then, becomes the President of meritocracy. The newly chosen parliament is given time to discuss and discover their own political views, which he is free to govern the state. This approach is quite radical.
  • Electoral meritocracy: In this approach, the places achieved in meritocratic competition, determine the “weight”s of citizens in the next elections. It is then important to protect the confidentiality of the election results as safest as possible, and thus defend the most influential citizens of threats and other forms of pressure. The elections themselves are the most democratic of all aspects.
  • Technocracy: Technocracy is also a meritocratic model in which appointments are made on the basis of demonstrated technical expertise. This form of government attaches to science government guidelines.
“There is very little traffic on the extra mile.” ~ Unknown

“There is very little traffic on the extra mile.” ~ Unknown

Tools for use

The Variable Compensation module of the Mereo’s Platform is developed to guide the manager through the process of compensating the team according the delivered results. The software administrator can set the rules of payment of the variable remuneration for specific groups of employees, it’s also possible to create deduction or gratification mechanisms and generate reports with all the calculation of memory for each employee elective the program. See more details Mereo VR clicking here.


Tips about the meritocratic Processes

  • To distribute goals, it’s very important to be organized in order to achieve the company’s goals and EBITDA margin (Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization) set out earlier this year.
  • Split the budget between the departments, so that all may gain the same amount of wages.
  • Validate if the area met its financial targets of budget and investments.
  • Calculate how much each person will receive through a factor obtained by multiplying the employee’s salary, the position’s factor multiplier, of the worked days in the previous year and the performance evaluation note.
  • If the employee does not possess beats targets, he or she will lose 50% of the amount receivable.
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6 thoughts on “What is meritocracy?”

  1. Antonio Junqueira says:

    Busco informações a respeito de modelos de meritocracia.

    1. Eduardo Silveira says:

      Antonio, um de nossos consultores entrará em contato com você em breve. Caso tenha dúvida, você pode ligar para o telefone (31) 3582-4268 ou enviar um e-mail para contato@mereoconsulting.com.br

  2. Wilton Ribeiro says:

    Um dos modelos da Meritocracia Absoluta, onde os Partidos Políticos apresentam as propostas de melhorias da sociedade, a serem votadas pela população; cabendo ao funcionalismo público, pessoal do governo de carreira, escolher e implementar as propostas.

  3. Artenusia gomes says:

    Muitooooooo booooom, gostei da explicação

  4. MaillotOM says:

    Great, thanks for sharing this article.

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